A pregnancy which develops outside the uterus, usually in the Fallopian tube.
Estimated date of delivery.
Induction done for convenience rather than for medical reasons.
The continuous monitoring of the fetal heart.
The developing organism in pregnancy from about the 10 th day after fertilization until the 12 th week of pregnancy when it becomes known as a fetus.
The baby's head is engaged when it drops down deep in the pelvic cavity so that the widest part is through the mother's pelvic brim. Another term for this is "lightening". Most babies are born head first and will have engaged before labour begins.
The breasts become congested with milk if long periods are left between feeds which results in painful engorgement.
Gas and oxygen, a short-term analgesic, which can be inhaled during labour.
An anaesthetic which is injected into the fluid surrounding the spinal cord at the base of the spine to relieve pain but leave the mother fully conscious.
A small cut made in the perineum to enlarge the vagina if there is a risk of tearing when the baby's head is about to be born.